Maintains - generating health system resilience to shocks to aid Ethiopia

Our research in Ethiopia will generate evidence on health system resilience to shocks, supporting the ongoing design and implementation of government, FCDO, and other stakeholder programmes. Explore all our latest research into COVID-19 and vulnerable urban populations in Ethiopia here or download the Maintains in Ethiopia PDF to read an overview of our work.

Droughts, floods, disease outbreaks, and internal displacement present significant, recurring public health shocks that affect millions of people in Ethiopia every year. As the country’s rural population relies on rain-fed agriculture, droughts and floods can have a particularly significant impact, and contribute to severe food crises.

In response, the Ethiopian government has placed disaster management as a key national priority. The Federal Ministry of Health, Ethiopian Public Health Institute and other stakeholders are working to overcome public health emergencies through strengthening the preparedness and response capacity of key public and social services.

A nurse at Merawi health centre in northern Ethiopia prepares a measles vaccine for delivery. Credit: Pete Lewis/DFID
A nurse at Merawi health centre in northern Ethiopia prepares a measles vaccine for delivery.
Credit: Pete Lewis/DFID

COVID-19 and vulnerable urban populations in Ethiopia

This research report is the first in a series of six reports which provide an insight into the extent to which COVID-19 and associated government responses and measures affect vulnerable and poor urban populations in Ethiopia. 

COVID-19 has had significant initial effects in urban areas, where population densities are extremely high, public services – including health and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) – are often poor, livelihoods are precarious, and a range of other factors often have a negative impact on people’s lives (e.g. high levels of crime, gender-based violence, uncertainty for migrants/undocumented people).

Report One – Read the full report or four-page brief of the key findings.

Report Two – Read the full report. A four page brief will follow shortly.

Report Three – coming soon.

Research focus for Ethiopia

Health and nutrition:

Does the Second Generation Health Extension Programme improve rural health post capacity to be shock responsive?

Following over 15 years of the Health Extension Programme (HEP), the Government of Ethiopia is now implementing a Second Generation HEP to strengthen frontline primary healthcare through upgraded health post infrastructure, more qualified health extension workers, and an expanded package of health services.

Maintains’ research assesses the impact of the Second Generation HEP on health post capacity to prepare for, prevent, and respond to shocks, examining activities such as immunisation, nutrition screening, and surveillance as well as community trust in health systems. The research will suggest ways to maximise preparedness and provide effective services in times of crisis.

Maintains is partnering with the Ethiopian Public Health Institute and Federal Ministry of Health and is working closely with FCDO and other development partners. The research will build on and enhance existing evidence and address knowledge gaps.

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