COVID-19 Sector - Maintains

Research Report
Street scene with pedestrians Bahir-Dar, Ethiopia credit: Adam Jones;
The effect of COVID-19 and government response measures on poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas in Ethiopia – report four
May 2021

This research report is the fourth in a series of six rounds of research, looking at the effects of COVID-19 on the poor and vulnerable urban households in Ethiopia. The report assesses the governments ongoing response to the pandemic as well as changes in household food security, livelihoods, education and access and use of health services and, explores how attitudes and behaviour towards the pandemic have changed. The results so far indicate that there have been varied impacts throughout the research sample, which to an extent are related to structural inequalities. The first three reports are available here.

Authored by  Donna Harris, Biniyam Tadesse, Israel Mitiku, Mekdes Demissie, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, and Frehiwot Belachew.

Street scene with pedestrians Bahir-Dar, Ethiopia credit: Adam Jones;
Research Report
Bangladesh: Cox’s Bazar, 27 August 2020 Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS), with support from the IFRC and other Red Cross and Red Crescent partners, is supporting the most vulnerable members of the displaced community with cash support during COVID-19. Photo: Ibrahim Mollik / IFRC
Towards shock-responsive social protection: lessons from the COVID-19 response in Bangladesh- Estimates from the microsimulation
January 2021

This report presents the methodology and results of a microsimulation based on a partial equilibrium modelling framework using nationally representative household-level data for Bangladesh. The findings include an estimate of the potential impact of COVID-19 on poverty in the country based on a model that assumes heterogeneity of impact across individuals and households depending on the type and sector of employment. Moreover, the model is used to assess the effectiveness, coverage, and adequacy of the social protection response to COVID-19. The microsimulation results complement a larger Bangladesh country case study that documents the way in which social protection programmes, processes, and delivery systems have been used to respond to the COVID-19 crisis.

Bangladesh: Cox’s Bazar, 27 August 2020 Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS), with support from the IFRC and other Red Cross and Red Crescent partners, is supporting the most vulnerable members of the displaced community with cash support during COVID-19. Photo: Ibrahim Mollik / IFRC
Brief
Aksum, Ethiopia
COVID-19 and the urban poor in Ethiopia – part three
November 2020

This brief from the third report in a 6-part series, explores the impact of COVID-19 and government response measures on poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas in Ethiopia. The findings highlight four key areas for urgent attention: misconceptions about COVID-19, rising food prices, inadequate and costly water supply and a reduction in the number of people receiving aid. The full research report can be found here. Authored by Donna Harris, Biniyam Tadesse, Israel Mitiku, Mekdes Demissie, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, and Frehiwot Belachew.

Aksum, Ethiopia
Brief
ethiopia urban poor
A 13 year old who had come to Addis Ababa to find work but due to COVID has become unemployed and living on the streets
Credit: Kasper Bøgsted Kristensen, Danish Red Cross
COVID-19 and the urban poor in Ethiopia – part two
October 2020

This brief from the second report of a six-part series exploring the impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable groups in Ethiopia, highlights the importance of policies that ensure the most vulnerable benefit from the support provided by government and other organisations, and that the process of targeting the support is transparent. Authored by Donna Harris, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, Israel Mitiku, Biniyam Tadesse, Mekdes Demissie, and Frehiwot Bekele. The study is funded through the Building Resilience in Ethiopia (BRE) Programme and implemented in partnership with the Maintains Programme.

ethiopia urban poor
A 13 year old who had come to Addis Ababa to find work but due to COVID has become unemployed and living on the streets
Credit: Kasper Bøgsted Kristensen, Danish Red Cross
Research Report
Addis Ababa,Ethiopia May 18 2020, A man carrying a load of wheat on his shoulder wearing a protective mask although lockdown is official amid Covid-19 some people work to get money from daily jobs.
The effect of COVID-19 and government response measures on poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas in Ethiopia – report two
October 2020

This research report is the second in a series of six reports which provide an insight into the extent to which COVID-19 and associated government responses and measures affect the urban poor and vulnerable individuals across 10 cities and towns in Ethiopia. The findings have highlighted the importance of designing policy that ensures the most vulnerable benefit from the support provided by government and other organisations, and that the process of targeting the support is transparent. Authored by Donna Harris, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, Israel Mitiku, Biniyam Tadesse, Mekdes Demissie, and Frehiwot Bekele. The study is funded through the Building Resilience in Ethiopia (BRE) Programme and implemented in partnership with the Maintains Programme.

Addis Ababa,Ethiopia May 18 2020, A man carrying a load of wheat on his shoulder wearing a protective mask although lockdown is official amid Covid-19 some people work to get money from daily jobs.
Working paper
Conceptual framework for studying social protection responses to COVID-19
October 2020

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, more than 200 countries/territories have expanded and adapted their social protection systems to mitigate the economic impact of the pandemic. Maintains is conducting a cross-country study to provide an operational assessment of these social protection responses using the conceptual framework and research questions described in this note.

Authored by Rodolfo Beazley, with Alexandra Doyle, Madhumitha Hebbar, Karin Seyfert, and Ludovico Carraro

All Maintains evidence and articles relating to COVID-19 can be found here.

Brief
Market, Harar, Ethiopia
Credit: Stanford Alumni Association Travel-Study Program, October - November 2007
COVID-19 and the urban poor in Ethiopia – part one
August 2020

This brief presents key findings from round one of a six part study, exploring the impact of COVID-19 and government response measures on poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas in Ethiopia. The full research report can be found here. Authored by Donna Harris, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, Israel Mitiku, Biniyam Tadesse, and Mekdes Demissie. The study is funded through the Building Resilience in Ethiopia (BRE) Programme and implemented in partnership with the Maintains Programme.

Market, Harar, Ethiopia
Credit: Stanford Alumni Association Travel-Study Program, October - November 2007
Brief
Kenya Red Cross Society has been responding to the COVID-19 crisis across the country, including in informal settlements and slum areas.
Credit: John Bundi / Kenya Red Cross Society
Initial COVID-19 responses in Bangladesh, Kenya, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and Uganda: Documentation and learning from March to May 2020
July 2020

This executive summary of the full report documents the experiences and challenges of scaling up the response to COVID-19 in the first three months of the outbreak – March to May 2020 – in five countries: Bangladesh, Kenya, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and Uganda. Authored by Debbie Hillier, Tom Newton-Lewis, Rithika Nair, and Christoph Larsen.

Kenya Red Cross Society has been responding to the COVID-19 crisis across the country, including in informal settlements and slum areas.
Credit: John Bundi / Kenya Red Cross Society
Synthesis Report
Kenya Red Cross Society has been responding to the COVID-19 crisis across the country, including in informal settlements and slum areas.
Credit: John Bundi / Kenya Red Cross Society
Initial COVID-19 responses in Bangladesh, Kenya, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and Uganda: Documentation and learning from March to May 2020
July 2020

This report synthesises the findings from a series of rapid situation analyses on the initial response to COVID-19 in the first few months of the outbreak – March to May 2020 – in five countries: Bangladesh, Kenya, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and Uganda. Authored by Debbie Hillier, Tom Newton-Lewis, Rithika Nair, and Christoph Larsen.

Kenya Red Cross Society has been responding to the COVID-19 crisis across the country, including in informal settlements and slum areas.
Credit: John Bundi / Kenya Red Cross Society
Oxford Policy Management
UKAid
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