COVID-19 Country- Maintains

Research Report
Street scene with pedestrians Bahir-Dar, Ethiopia credit: Adam Jones;
The effect of COVID-19 and government response measures on poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas in Ethiopia – report four
May 2021

This research report is the fourth in a series of six rounds of research, looking at the effects of COVID-19 on the poor and vulnerable urban households in Ethiopia. The report assesses the governments ongoing response to the pandemic as well as changes in household food security, livelihoods, education and access and use of health services and, explores how attitudes and behaviour towards the pandemic have changed. The results so far indicate that there have been varied impacts throughout the research sample, which to an extent are related to structural inequalities. The first three reports are available here.

Authored by  Donna Harris, Biniyam Tadesse, Israel Mitiku, Mekdes Demissie, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, and Frehiwot Belachew.

Street scene with pedestrians Bahir-Dar, Ethiopia credit: Adam Jones;
Brief
Aksum, Ethiopia
COVID-19 and the urban poor in Ethiopia – part three
November 2020

This brief from the third report in a 6-part series, explores the impact of COVID-19 and government response measures on poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas in Ethiopia. The findings highlight four key areas for urgent attention: misconceptions about COVID-19, rising food prices, inadequate and costly water supply and a reduction in the number of people receiving aid. The full research report can be found here. Authored by Donna Harris, Biniyam Tadesse, Israel Mitiku, Mekdes Demissie, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, and Frehiwot Belachew.

Aksum, Ethiopia
Brief
ethiopia urban poor
A 13 year old who had come to Addis Ababa to find work but due to COVID has become unemployed and living on the streets
Credit: Kasper Bøgsted Kristensen, Danish Red Cross
COVID-19 and the urban poor in Ethiopia – part two
October 2020

This brief from the second report of a six-part series exploring the impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable groups in Ethiopia, highlights the importance of policies that ensure the most vulnerable benefit from the support provided by government and other organisations, and that the process of targeting the support is transparent. Authored by Donna Harris, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, Israel Mitiku, Biniyam Tadesse, Mekdes Demissie, and Frehiwot Bekele. The study is funded through the Building Resilience in Ethiopia (BRE) Programme and implemented in partnership with the Maintains Programme.

ethiopia urban poor
A 13 year old who had come to Addis Ababa to find work but due to COVID has become unemployed and living on the streets
Credit: Kasper Bøgsted Kristensen, Danish Red Cross
Research Report
Addis Ababa,Ethiopia May 18 2020, A man carrying a load of wheat on his shoulder wearing a protective mask although lockdown is official amid Covid-19 some people work to get money from daily jobs.
The effect of COVID-19 and government response measures on poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas in Ethiopia – report two
October 2020

This research report is the second in a series of six reports which provide an insight into the extent to which COVID-19 and associated government responses and measures affect the urban poor and vulnerable individuals across 10 cities and towns in Ethiopia. The findings have highlighted the importance of designing policy that ensures the most vulnerable benefit from the support provided by government and other organisations, and that the process of targeting the support is transparent. Authored by Donna Harris, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, Israel Mitiku, Biniyam Tadesse, Mekdes Demissie, and Frehiwot Bekele. The study is funded through the Building Resilience in Ethiopia (BRE) Programme and implemented in partnership with the Maintains Programme.

Addis Ababa,Ethiopia May 18 2020, A man carrying a load of wheat on his shoulder wearing a protective mask although lockdown is official amid Covid-19 some people work to get money from daily jobs.
Working paper
Conceptual framework for studying social protection responses to COVID-19
October 2020

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, more than 200 countries/territories have expanded and adapted their social protection systems to mitigate the economic impact of the pandemic. Maintains is conducting a cross-country study to provide an operational assessment of these social protection responses using the conceptual framework and research questions described in this note.

Authored by Rodolfo Beazley, with Alexandra Doyle, Madhumitha Hebbar, Karin Seyfert, and Ludovico Carraro

All Maintains evidence and articles relating to COVID-19 can be found here.

Brief
Market, Harar, Ethiopia
Credit: Stanford Alumni Association Travel-Study Program, October - November 2007
COVID-19 and the urban poor in Ethiopia – part one
August 2020

This brief presents key findings from round one of a six part study, exploring the impact of COVID-19 and government response measures on poor and vulnerable groups in urban areas in Ethiopia. The full research report can be found here. Authored by Donna Harris, Alula Teklu, Girmay Medhin, Israel Mitiku, Biniyam Tadesse, and Mekdes Demissie. The study is funded through the Building Resilience in Ethiopia (BRE) Programme and implemented in partnership with the Maintains Programme.

Market, Harar, Ethiopia
Credit: Stanford Alumni Association Travel-Study Program, October - November 2007
Brief
Collecting water from a pond. Dembi, Moyale District, Ethiopia, April 2006.
Credit: Daniel Cima/American Red Cross
From the field: COVID-19 and the urban poor in Ethiopia – how is the pandemic and the response affecting poor and vulnerable groups?
9 June 2020

Maintains is about to start an in-depth study of the impact of COVID-19 and control measures on poor households and vulnerable groups in urban settings in Ethiopia. In this blog, originally posted on the OPM site, Donna Harris and Zoma Mesfin describe findings from preliminary interviews with key informants, along with the key issues which emerged and how these will be explored in the upcoming Maintains study.

Collecting water from a pond. Dembi, Moyale District, Ethiopia, April 2006.
Credit: Daniel Cima/American Red Cross
Brief
Mothers grow together to improve food security in Kenya. Credit: Marisol Grandon/DFID
Mothers grow together to improve food security in Kenya.
Credit: Marisol Grandon/DFID
COVID-19 Series: Health and hunger – why nutrition services are a core response to the COVID-19 pandemic
12 May 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic will mean many more millions of people will not have enough to eat, with predictions that some 265 million people could be pushed into acute food insecurity. This rapid literature review explores strategies to address the short and longer term impacts of malnutrition caused by the pandemic.

Mothers grow together to improve food security in Kenya. Credit: Marisol Grandon/DFID
Mothers grow together to improve food security in Kenya.
Credit: Marisol Grandon/DFID
Literature review
A malnutrition screening programme at a clinic in Kenya. Credit: Russell Watkins/DFID
A malnutrition screening programme at a clinic in Kenya.
Credit: Russell Watkins/DFID
COVID-19 Series: Nutrition
May 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic will cause the already significant numbers of people who do not have enough to eat to rise, with predictions that some 265 million people could be pushed into acute food insecurity. This rapid literature review explores strategies to address the short and longer term impacts of malnutrition caused by the pandemic.

A malnutrition screening programme at a clinic in Kenya. Credit: Russell Watkins/DFID
A malnutrition screening programme at a clinic in Kenya.
Credit: Russell Watkins/DFID
Oxford Policy Management
UKAid
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